since 1985 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Petrol engines
+ Engine lubrication system
+ Engine cooling system
+ System of ignition
+ Power supply system, carburetor, system of injection of fuel
+ Diesel engine
+ System of production of the fulfilled gases
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
- Suspension bracket and system of steering
Forward suspension bracket — the general information
Removal and installation of a depreciation rack
Dismantling of a depreciation rack / removal and installation of the shock-absorber / screw spring
Check of the shock-absorber
Removal and installation of the cross lever / replacement of a rubber support
Check/replacement of a support of the cross lever / rotary fist
Removal and installation of a power shaft
Removal and installation of an intermediate shaft
Check/dismantling of a driving shaft / replacement of cuffs
Bearing of a forward nave
Back suspension bracket
Removal and installation of a back depreciation rack
Dismantling of a back depreciation rack / removal and installation of the shock-absorber / screw spring
Cross levers / longitudinal lever / stabilizer
Check of the hug bearing
Removal and installation of the hug bearing
Adjustment of a side play of the hug bearing
Removal and installation of a nave
Removal and installation of a steering wheel
Removal and installation of a tip of steering draft
Removal and installation of a rubber cuff of the steering drive
Angles of installation of wheels
Values for check of MAZDA 323
+ Brake system
+ Wheels and tires, body, coloring of the car, care of the car
+ System of electric equipment
+ Heater, system of lighting, devices
+ Governing bodies and methods of operation
+ Electric circuits
Angles of installation of wheels
Optimum qualities of the movement and the smallest wear of tires are reached only at the correct installation of forward wheels. At abnormal wear of tires, at a bad continence of the road - at bad keeping of the direction, and also at bad controllability on turns - it is necessary to address in a workshop for check of the car optical means.
Measurement of angles of installation of wheels is impossible without special measuring devices. Therefore we will be limited here only to the description of the basic concepts, necessary for measurement.
Convergence/disorder / cross inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel / longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (выбег)
The convergence is understood as side distance between wheels. Forward wheels, as a rule have to have a positive convergence as wheels at the expense of disorder and resistance to swing run up a little outside as in bearings of naves, a suspension bracket of wheels and tips of steering drafts there is a side play. The positive convergence means compensates the aspiration of forward wheels to run up outside. At a positive convergence of a wheel are established so that, measuring at height of an average point of a wheel in front are located more closely to each other than behind.
Disorder and cross inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel reduce transfer of blows from the road by steering and support the smallest friction at the movement on turns.
Disorder is a corner on which the surface of a wheel deviates vertical management. Forward wheels stand thus under an inclination, at negative disorder, for example, wheels in points of fastening are spaced far apart from each other than above. The cross inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel is a corner beta between the axis of an inclination of a rotary fist and a vertical which is carried out through a point of fastening of a wheel, looking in the longitudinal direction.
At the expense of corners of disorder and a cross inclination of an axis of turn of a point of a contact of wheels with the road settle down closer to an axis of a rotary fist. It supports by the smallest a so-called shoulder of a running in. The running in shoulder is less, the management is easier. Also blows from the road exert weaker impact on steering. The longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (выбег) is a corner between an axis of a rotary fist and a vertical in a point of fastening of a wheel, looking in the cross direction of the car. Выбег exerts considerable impact on the movement of wheels on a straight line. Too small выбег causes a deviation from the set direction at movement along bad streets or at a side wind and does not allow to return to steering after passing of turn to a starting position. On the other side of a big vybeg increases force of management.
Выбег, disorder and a cross inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel can only be checked for MAZDA 323, they are not subject to adjustment. If the measured sizes lie out of area of admissible limits, details of a suspension bracket are damaged or worn-out.
The viewing hole or the elevator with a platform is necessary for check of angles of installation of wheels. At each measurement the following conditions have to be satisfied.